Key points to keep in mind while designing a questionnaire for PhD research

Key points to keep in mind while designing a questionnaire for PhD research

The researcher must pay attention to the following points in constructing an appropriate and effective questionnaire or a schedule:

  1. The researcher must keep in view the problem he is to study for it provides the starting point for developing the questionnaire/schedule. He must be clear about the various aspects of his research problem to be dealt with in the course of his research project.
  2. Appropriate form of questions depend on the nature of information sought,the sampled respondents and the kind of the analysis intended. The researcher must decide whether to use closed or open-ended questions .Questions must be simple and must be constructed with a view to forming a logical part of a well thought out tabulation plan.The units of enumeration should also be defined precisely so that they can ensure accurate and full information.
  3. Rough draft of the questionnaire/schedule be prepared, giving due thought to the appropriate sequence of putting questions. Questionnaires or schedules previously drafted may as well be looked into at this stage.
  4. Researchers must invariably re-examine,and in case of need may revise the rough draft for a better one. Technical defects must be minutely scrutinised and removed.
  5.  Pilot study should be undertaken for pre-testing the questionnaire.The questionnaire may be edited in the light of the results of the pilot study.
  6. Questionnaires must contain simple but straightforward directions for the respondents so that they do not feel any difficulty in answering the questions.

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